21 Aug 2019

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Human Disabilities and Social Behavior

Title: Human Disabilities and Social Behavior

Authors: Muhammad Azaz Khan,Fareed Ahmed,Umer Malik

Abstract:

                The aim of this paper is to report the social behaviour with disable person. Human disability and Human health care have been neglected in the discourse around health, human rights, and equality. This is perplexing as human disabilities are pervasive, affecting approximately 8% of the world’s population. Furthermore, the experience of persons with human disability is one characterized by multiple interlinked levels of inequality and discrimination within society. Efforts directed toward achieving formal equality should not stand alone without similar efforts to achieve substantive equality for persons with human disabilities. Structural factors such as poverty, inequality, homelessness, and discrimination contribute to risk for human disability and impact negatively on the course and outcome of such disabilities. A human rights approach to human disability means affirming the full personhood of those with disabilities by respecting their inherent dignity, their individual autonomy and independence, and their freedom to make their own choices. A rights-based approach requires us to examine and transform the language, terminology, and models of disability that have previously prevailed, especially within health discourse. Such an approach also requires us to examine the multiple ways in which inequality and discrimination characterize the lives of persons with disabilities and to formulate a response based on a human rights framework. In this article, I examine issues of terminology, models of understanding human disability, and the implications of Pakistani treaties Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for our response to the inequalities and discrimination that exist within society — both within and outside the healthcare system. Finally, while acknowledging that health care professionals have a role to play as advocates for equality, non-discrimination, and justice, I argue that it is persons with human disabilities themselves who have the right to exercise agency in their own lives and who, consequently, should be at the center of advocacy movements and the setting of the advocacy agenda.

Introduction:

                       Social assurance assumes a key part in understanding the privileges of people with incapacities of any age: giving them a satisfactory way of life, a fundamental level of wage security; along these lines diminishing levels of neediness and powerlessness. Also, standard and additionally particular social insurance plans concerning people with incapacities can have a noteworthy part in advancing their autonomy and consideration by meeting their particular needs and supporting their social cooperation in a non-prejudicial way. These social assurance measures may incorporate neediness decrease plans, money exchange projects, social and medical coverage, open work programs, lodging programs, inability annuities and versatility stipends.

Social insurance from a rights-based approach must suit the necessities of people with handicaps. Conventional incapacity related social welfare plans have for the most part centred around neediness instead of considering particular difficulties looked by people with inabilities; especially dynamic investment in instruction, access to wellbeing and business. Past techniques for tending to benefits for people with handicaps have indicated constrained advance in overcoming the profoundly established social structures and practices that block open doors for people with inabilities. Subsequently, social security needs to move past conventional welfare ways to deal with mediation frameworks that advance dynamic citizenship, social consideration and group investment while staying away from paternalism and reliance. Over the world, more than one billion individuals – or 15% of the world’s populace – live with incapacities. They confront noteworthy hindrances to understanding their human rights, incorporating separation in training, business, lodging and transport; refusal of the privilege to vote; and being stripped of the privilege to settle on choices about their own particular lives, including their conceptive decisions. People with physical, tactile, scholarly what’s more, mental incapacities frequently confront expanded viciousness, yet they remain imperceptible in their groups. Governments neglect to secure their rights, what’s more, make access to review troublesome. In the course of recent years, Human Rights Watch has turned into a pioneer in Mainstreaming inability rights inside the more extensive human rights plan, what’s more, is seen by incapacity rights specialists and handicap rights associations as an essential accomplice in worldwide promotion endeavours. In more than 25 nations, our work has tended to an expansive scope of issues, for example, viciousness against ladies and youngsters with inabilities, access to training furthermore, medicinal services, systematization, legitimate limit, political support furthermore, the effect of the outfitted clash. Through our worldwide support, we have squeezed for more extensive endorsement also, execution of the earth-shattering Tradition on the Rights of People with Handicaps and more grounded insurances for individuals with handicaps around the world. In particular, we have checked lawful change forms in various nations and consolidated incapacity rights worries in our support on such issues as savagery against kids and injurious treatment in social insurance.

Methodology:

3.2 Research Design

   3.2.1 Research Purpose

   3.2.2 Research Approach

   3.2.3 Research Strategy

3.3 Population and Sampling Design

3.3.1 Population:

In this project, we collect the data from a lot of patients which were admitted to the national rehabilitation centre Islamabad hospital. A total number of patients is 12.We have also interviewed from doctors and staff of the management team.

3.3.2 Sampling method:

                  Disability exists when, due to illness or accidental injury, you are not able to perform, for wage or profit, the material and substantial duties of your regular occupation. In our hospital’s different types of patients are:

  • Hearing loss
  • Low vision or blindness
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Chronic health disorder

A total number of patients is 300 to 400 which are disabled in this hospital. If we talk about who has human rights? Absolutely everyone. Criminals, heads of state, children, men, women, Africans, Americans, Europeans, refugees, stateless persons, the unemployed, those in employment, bankers, those accused of carrying out acts of terrorism, charity workers, teachers, dancers, astronauts. An employer is only required to accommodate a “known” disability of a qualified applicant or employee. The requirement generally will be triggered by a request from an individual with a disability, who frequently will be able to suggest an appropriate accommodation. Accommodations must be made on an individual basis because the nature and extent of a disabling condition and the requirements of a job will vary in each case.

 3.4 Sources of Data Collection

3.4.1 Primary Source:

In the primary source, we have interviewed from different doctors and from different patients. In this session, the doctor tells us about the behaviour of patients that how they treat them. We also fill the questionnaire from different people which give us results what they think about disabled people rights. Majority patients tell us that people negative attitude with us. And many of them were satisfied with the government they tell that government does not give us working opportunities even we don’t have fund.He said that only doctors and staff are good they are very kind. In the last 2 years, nothing has improved for disabled people.

 

 3.4.2 Secondary Source:

                            Although some thinkers and NGOs have put forward strong arguments for the need for human responsibilities and even codes or declaration to articulate these, the human disability rights community has generally been reticent about this debate. The reason is that many governments make the “granting” of human rights dependent on certain “duties” imposed by the state or ruler, in this way making the whole idea of rights as birthrights meaningless. Nearly all the basic human rights that are listed in the international documents are claims against your government or state officials. Human rights protect your interests against the state, so you need to claim them from the state or from their representatives.

5.1 Findings/Results:

  • Lots of problems in a society
  • In the last 2 years, nothing has improved for disabled people
  • Doctors are good

6.1 Discussion:

Based on 12 interviews with people with a disability, and a survey of 35 Pakistani, the research shows many are reluctant to converse with people with a disability — 40 percent say they don’t know how to, and two in five are worried they will offend the person. Four in five Pakistani believe it’s best to address a support person rather than the individual. But people with a disability say that makes them frustrated and lonely.

I can see the different way I communicate occasionally makes people uncomfortable. I realize if someone has no experience or understanding of disabilities, they will feel uncomfortable. But more than 245,000 people have communication disabilities, so ignorance is no longer an excuse.
I believe we can do better. Because attitudes play a key role in either enabling or disabling someone’s participation in society, I am passionate about educating people to change and challenging their attitude towards people with communication disabilities.

7.1 Conclusion:

The research undertaken for this report has produced a review of disability models and theories. People with disabilities are at a higher risk for poor behaviour outcomes. There is a clear need for public behaviour efforts to reduce health disparities among people with disabilities. Knowledge about the health status and public health needs of people with disabilities is essential for addressing these and other health disparities.

8.1 References:

Author:

Azaz, Umer, and Fareed

Date:

(2017,Dec 27)

Title:

I Stand For Disability Rights

Interviews:

Fareed Zemri(2017, Nov 28), Doctor of disabling patient, Ali medical f8 Markaz Islamabad,3:00 pm.

 

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